Archive | Working Papers

Meaningful Paper

ICRAC Releases New Report on Meaningful Human Control

Posted on 20 August 2019 by Peter Asaro

ICRAC Members Daniele Amoroso and Guglielmo Taburrini have completed a new ICRAC Working paper #4 on “What makes human control over weapons “Meaningful”? The paper was prepared for distribution at the August 2019 meeting of the United Nations CCW GGE on Lethal Autonomous Weapons. The paper can be downloaded from our Resources Page, along with […] Continue Reading

Comments (0)

ICRAC-WP3_CCW GGE April 2018

ICRAC Working Paper #3 (CCW GGE April 2018): Guidelines for the human control of weapons systems

Posted on 10 April 2018 by nsharkey

Guidelines for the human control of weapons systems [PDF] Authored by Noel Sharkey, chair of ICRAC[1] Since 2014, high contracting parties to the CCW have expressed interest and concern about the meaningful human control of weapons systems. There is an extensive scientific and engineering literature on the dynamics of human-machine interaction and human supervisory control […] Continue Reading

Comments (0)


Can an autonomous weapons ban be verified?

Posted on 14 April 2014 by Mark Gubrud

At the ongoing CCW experts’ meeting on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems in Geneva, questions have begun to be raised about the verifiability of a ban on autonomous weapon systems. We would like to highlight the existence of our working paper outlining compliance measures for a ban, including a framework proposal as to how compliance could be […] Continue Reading

Comments (0)

Futureproofing Is Never Complete: Ensuring the Arms Trade Treaty Keeps Pace with New Weapons Technology

Posted on 19 October 2013 by mbolton

In a new working paper, International Committee for Robot Arms Control (ICRAC) members Matthew Bolton (Pace University) and Wim Zwijnenburg (IKV Pax Christi) stress the importance of making sure states control new weapons technologies, including robotic weapons, when the Arms Trade Treatyenters into force. It outlines strategies for civil society (such as the Control Arms campaign) and concerned states to counter […] Continue Reading

Comments (0)

ICRAC Working Paper Series launched

Posted on 31 May 2013 by Frank Sauer

Today, ICRAC launches its new series of working papers. In ICRAC Working Paper #2 (#1 is to follow suit in the near future), Mark Gubrud and Juergen Altmann present “Compliance Measures for an Autonomous Weapons Convention”, inter alia containing a first conceptual sketch about how to implement technical verification measures to ensure human control and […] Continue Reading

Comments (0)